I trust you, but… Professional Indemnity insurance

The Professional Indemnity insurance, also known as Professional Liability or “PI” here in Europe and “Errors & Omissions” at the other side of the ocean is an insurance who protect individuals (engineers, geologist, topographer…) and companies in case they made gross mistakes, negligence and similar errors causing losses to the counterpart who purchased their service.

In the majority of the projects I’ve worked at I have had the pleasure to know very good professional working for external subcontractors - people who helped us develop wind farms in faraway countries providing a variety of services.

Even if many work for “big names” in the business and I know many of them personally, it’s always a good idea to have a PI insurance in place when you purchase a professional service (in my case, something related to civil or electrical engineering).

The amount of the insurance should be related to the potential damage – in my case, the bigger the wind farm, the bigger the insurance that will let me feel comfortable.

However,  this type of insurance is not cheap – the more onerous the request, the more expensive the service will become because the consultant will (obviously) ask you to pay for the policy extension.

As far as I know, PI is not mandatory (at least, not for all professions and not in all countries). However the vast majority of companies and individuals I’ve worked with had it in place.

It’s also worth mentioning that such insurance will also need to stay in place quite a lot of time – some design errors are not self-evident and are usually discovered after a few years.

Lastly, I want to highlight that every now and then I see a new technical solution in the market (for instance, I’m currently studying at least 3 alternative foundation types).

As this are new, unproved technologies the need for a strong Professional Insurance insurance in place becomes even greater.

Types of cranes

Even if I’m not a specialist I would like to dedicate a post to a relevant element in a wind farm construction – the crane.

Crane procurement and wind turbines installation is normally organized by a specialized department, staffed with experts who knows what are the cranes available in the market and the implication of having a specific model instead of another on site.

In some countries, when the economy is thriving or if wind farms installations are booming, it can be really hard to find a free crane in the correct time slot - the few months when turbines are installed. In some case it might be necessary to import it from a different country.

Generally speaking, cranes can be categorized considering different technical characteristics:

  • Crawler vs wheels: cranes on wheel can use public roads and travel at a reasonable speed, while cranes with crawlers can go everywhere and they are often moved off road.
  • Standard vs narrow track: cranes on crawlers come in 2 version, with the crawlers at a “standard” distance (somewhere around 10 meters) and very near (below 6 meters). Obviously with a narrow track you will need less earthworks and the roads will be less expensive.
  • Telescopic vs lattice boom: 2 different solutions for the boom. “Hybrid” intermediate solutions are available

Cranes on wheels have a variable number of axles, usually somewhere between 6 and 9. As they are designed to be used on public roads the standard load per axle is 12 tons, even if partially rigged cranes can have a load per axle of 16 tons, 20 tons or even more.

The same crane can have different configurations, meaning that  the owner can purchase different tools and components to increase the maximum load and lifting height.

The configuration is indicated by hard to read manufacturers codes such as “T7YVENZF”. For instance, the code of the example means that the crane has a 100 meters telescopic boon, a Y- shaped guying system, an extension and a lattice jib.

Cranes can be moved from one wind turbine position to the following one fully rigged (not a frequent choice nowadays, given the increasing hub height of the turbines), partially dismantled or fully dismantled.

When a crane is dismantled the components are loaded on a truck and unloaded in the following wind turbine location. The number of trucks (and back and forth trips needed) depends on the crane model configuration but can be quite relevant: dozens of trips may be needed to move all components.